Ice Hockey Rules and Regulations
When discussing the Ice hockey rules, it is important to keep in mind the two codes, the International Ice Hockey Federation and National Hockey League, which may govern them. Under IIHF rules, each team may take in a maximum of 20 while according to NHL, the total number of players per game is restricted to 18.
The game is played on a hockey rink. During a normal game, as per Ice hockey rules, there are six players in each of the team and one of these is the goaltender, each of whom is on ice skates. The aim of the game is to make goals by shooting the puck, which is a hard vulcanized rubber disc, into the opponent's goal net. The players control the puck using a long stick, which is curved at one end and has a blade.
Ice hockey rules and regulations allow the players to redirect the puck with any part of their bodies, but these are again subject to certain restrictions. Players are not to hold the puck in their hand and are not allowed to pass the puck to their teammates using their hands, unless they are in the defensive zone.
As the game is offside, unlike in rugby, forward passes are allowed. Earlier it was an onside game, meaning only backward passes were allowed. But with the arrival of offside Ice hockey rules, the forward pass changed the game into a truly team sport, which meant the whole team had to coordinate well over the entire surface of the ice.
Ice hockey rules and regulations state the five players other than the goaltender to be divided into three forwards and two defensemen. The forwards often play together as units while the defensemen usually stay together as a pair. A replacement of an entire unit at once is called a line change. These substitutions are permitted at any time during the game play. When players are replaced during play, it is known changing on the fly.
The game can be stopped if the goal is knocked out of position, as per the Ice hockey rules. The game often goes for minutes without interruption. But once it is stopped, it is restarted with a faceoff, with two players facing each other attempting to gain control of the puck.
There are three major Ice hockey rules to limit the movement of the puck: offside, icing, and the puck going out of play. Officials use whistles to stop a game. The puck is considered dead once it runs off the perimeter of the rink.